33

For values larger than the INT max (2,147,483,647), you'll want to use COUNT_BIG(*). SELECT COUNT_BIG(*) AS [Records], SUM(t.Amount) AS [Total] FROM dbo.t1 AS t WHERE t.Id > 0 AND t.Id < 101; If it's happening in the SUM, you need to convert Amount to a BIGINT. SELECT COUNT(*) AS [Records], SUM(CONVERT(BIGINT, t.Amount)) AS [Total] FROM ...


30

The query you have You could simplify your query using a WINDOW clause, but that's just shortening the syntax, not changing the query plan. SELECT id, trans_ref_no, amount, trans_date, entity_id , SUM(amount) OVER w AS trans_total , COUNT(*) OVER w AS trans_count FROM transactiondb WINDOW w AS (PARTITION BY entity_id, date_trunc('month',...


29

Aggregate functions ignore null values. So SELECT COUNT(cola) AS thecount FROM tablea is equivalent to SELECT count(*) AS thecount FROM tablea WHERE cola IS NOT NULL; As all of your values are null, count(cola) has to return zero. If you want to count the rows that are null, you need count(*) SELECT cola, count(*) AS theCount FROM tablea ...


27

No. They don't have to coexist, as proved by the fact that the following query in Oracle works: select * from dual having 1 = 1; Similarly, in PostgreSQL the following query works: select 1 having 1 = 1; So having doesn't require group by. Having is applied after the aggregation phase and must be used if you want to filter aggregate results. So the ...


25

Assumptions / Clarifications No need to differentiate between infinity and open upper bound (upper(range) IS NULL). (You can have it either way, but it's simpler this way.) NULL vs. infinity in PostgreSQL range types Since date is a discrete type, all ranges have default [) bounds. The manual: The built-in range types int4range, int8range, and daterange ...


24

The feature of Postgres to be able to use the primary key of a table with GROUP BY and not need to add the other columns of that table in the GROUP BY clause is relatively new and works only for base tables. The optimizer is not (yet?) clever enough to identify primary keys for views, ctes or derived tables (as in your case). You can add the columns you want ...


21

DISTINCT ON() Just as a side note, this is precisely what DISTINCT ON() does (not to be confused with DISTINCT) SELECT DISTINCT ON ( expression [, ...] ) keeps only the first row of each set of rows where the given expressions evaluate to equal. The DISTINCT ON expressions are interpreted using the same rules as for ORDER BY (see above). Note that the "...


20

I'm afraid that the reason is simply that the rules were set in an adhoc fashion (like quite many other "features" of the ISO SQL standard) at a time when SQL aggregations and their connection with mathematics were less understood than they are now (*). It's just one of the extremely many inconsistencies in the SQL language. They make the language harder ...


20

This is by design. COUNT(<expression>) counts rows where the <expression> is not null. COUNT(*) counts rows. So, if you want to count rows, use COUNT(*).


20

There is nothing "old school" or "outdated" about an ARRAY constructor (That's what ARRAY(SELECT x FROM foobar) is). It's modern as ever. Use it for simple array aggregation. The manual: It is also possible to construct an array from the results of a subquery. In this form, the array constructor is written with the key word ARRAY followed by a ...


20

To aggregate most rows While querying all or most items, it is typically substantially faster to aggregate rows from the "many"-table first and join later: SELECT id, i.title AS item_title, t.tag_array FROM items i JOIN ( -- or LEFT JOIN ? SELECT it.item_id AS id, array_agg(t.title) AS tag_array FROM items_tags it JOIN tags ...


19

This is documented in UPDATE (Transact-SQL): SET @variable = column = expression sets the variable to the same value as the column. This differs from SET @variable = column, column = expression, which sets the variable to the pre-update value of the column. In your code example, sum is the (unwise) name of a column, not an aggregate. db<>fiddle demo


17

Per the standard: SELECT 1 FROM r HAVING 1=1 means SELECT 1 FROM r GROUP BY () HAVING 1=1 Citation ISO/IEC 9075-2:2011 7.10 Syntax Rule 1 (Part of the definition of the HAVING clause): Let HC be the <having clause>. Let TE be the <table expression> that immediately contains HC. If TE does not immediately contain a <group by clause&...


16

You can see the role of this aggregate if no rows match the WHERE clause. SELECT MAX(Revision) FROM dbo.TheOneders WHERE Id = 1 AND 1 = 1 /*To avoid auto parameterisation*/ AND Id%3 = 4 /*always false*/ In that case zero rows go into the aggregate but it still emits one as the correct semantics are to return NULL in this case. This is a ...


15

row_number is not deterministic if there can be ties (i.e. rows with the same PartitionField and DateField values). Any of the tied values might end up with a PartitionRowId of 1 which would presumably change the final result. You could use rank instead of row_number but that would cause you to consider all the tied rows which may not be what you want. ...


14

The conditions in HAVING are not applied against the aggregations, but on the non-aggregated columns. The problem here is in how you are describing what the HAVING clause applies to. The HAVING clause always applies to aggregated fields, which is all remaining columns post-aggregation. You are trying to show / say that the HAVING clause is not being applied ...


13

You can use UNNEST. select unnest(ports) as port, count(*) from foo group by port; Using more than one UNNEST in the same query (or the same select list, anyway) is confusing and is probably best avoided.


12

You are not showing the query you are using to obtain the results without diff. I'm assuming it is something like this: SELECT min = MIN(Value), max = MAX(Value), avg = AVG(Value), -- or, if Value is an int, like this, perhaps: -- AVG(CAST(Value AS decimal(10,2)) Date = DATEADD(HOUR, DATEDIFF(HOUR, 0, Date), 0) FROM atable ...


12

This is some kind of misunderstanding. The query in your question already returns what you are asking for. I only changed minor details: SELECT 'Inspections'::text AS data_label , count(i.reporting_id) AS daily_count , d.day AS date_column FROM ( SELECT generate_series(timestamp '2013-01-01' , timestamp ...


12

By far the cleanest solution is to use window function sum with rows between: with days as ( SELECT date_trunc('day', d)::date as day FROM generate_series(CURRENT_DATE-31, CURRENT_DATE-1, '1 day'::interval) d ), counts as ( select days.day, sum((random()*5)::integer) num FROM days -- left ...


11

Integer division truncates fractional digits. Your expression returns a ratio between 0 and 1, which is always truncated to 0. To get "percentage", first multiply by 100. To also get fractional digits, cast to numeric (before you divide) - or multiply by 100.0. The presence of a fractional digit in the numeric literal coerces the result to numeric ...


11

A very basic example would be to get the AVG and STDEV of the range of numbers and then exclude any that were more than 1 Standard Deviation from that average. You then take the average of the new range. This is quite a basic bit of code (don't forget the CAST to a DECIMAL) which you can expand upon to make it more suitable to your needs. CREATE TABLE #nums (...


11

There are much more efficient ways to calculate a simple or grouped median than the one shown in your question: What is the fastest way to calculate the median? Best approaches for grouped median The general winner for 2012 is a method by Peter Larsson. The pattern is: Simple Median SELECT Median = AVG(1.0 * SQ.YourColumn) FROM ( SELECT NumRows =...


11

As a MySQL DBA, I sadly admit that MySQL can be rather cavalier in its SQL processing. One of the most infamous feats of this is its GROUP BY behavior. As example, Aaron Bertrand answered the post Why do we use Group by 1 and Group by 1,2,3 in SQL query? where he described MySQL's GROUP BY as cowboy who-knows-what-will-happen grouping. I just had to agree. ...


11

You need to add the group by clause and use array_agg. SELECT i.id, i.title, array_agg(i.title) FROM items i INNER JOIN items_tags it ON it.item_id = i.id INNER JOIN tags t ON t.id = it.tag_id GROUP BY i.id, i.title,


11

This issue is caused by SUM() function you have to CAST t.Amount as BIGINT SELECT COUNT(*) AS [Records], SUM(CAST(t.Amount AS BIGINT)) AS [Total] FROM dbo.t1 AS t WHERE t.Id > 0 AND t.Id < 101; Reference https://stackoverflow.com/questions/8289310/how-to-prevent-arithmetic-overflow-error-when-using-sum-on-int-column


11

Hash join and hash aggregate both use the same operator code internally, though a hash aggregate uses only a single (build) input. The basic operation of hash aggregate is described by Craig Freedman: As with hash join, the hash aggregate requires memory. Before executing a query with a hash aggregate, SQL Server uses cardinality estimates to estimate how ...


10

Although this is an old post with an accepted answer, I think the LAG() analytic function works well in this case and is noteworthy: LAG() removes duplicate values in column num2 with minimal expense No need for non-trivial regular expression to filter results Just one full table scan (cost=4 on simple example table) Here is the proposed code: with nums ...


10

I must first compliment you on your courage to do something like this with an Access DB, which from my experience is very difficult to do anything SQL-like. Anyways, on to the review. First join Your IIF field selections might benefit from using a Switch statement instead. It seems to be sometimes the case, especially with things SQL, that a SWITCH (more ...


10

Sample data: CREATE TABLE dbo.Thing ( Product integer NOT NULL, TheDate date NOT NULL, TheWeight decimal(5, 1) NOT NULL ); INSERT dbo.Thing (Product, TheDate, TheWeight) VALUES (900000, CONVERT(date, '20160101', 112), 20.0), (900000, '20160303', 12.2), (900000, '20160706', 15.0), (900000, '20160707', 14.0), (900000, '...


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