Configuring Oracle ASM Filter Driver During Installation
This procedure must be performed after the Oracle Grid Infrastructure
installation zip files have been unzipped in the Oracle Grid
Infrastructure home, but before you enable the Configure ASM Filter
Driver check box during the installation process when the setup script
# set ...
This can be caused by the asm_diskgroups parameter. On older releases (like 11g), this was a typical problem. This parameter was automatically updated, except when a diskgroup was dropped, then its name was not removed from the parameter values.
You can check this if you have access to MOS:
Dropped Diskgroup Still Existing in ASM spfile (Doc ID 2241177.1)
Newer versions of ASMLib support oracleasm querydisk -p DATA01 which displays the underlying physicaldisk.
# oracleasm querydisk -p SSDDATA1
Disk "SSDDATA1" is a valid ASM disk
/dev/sdl1: LABEL="SSDDATA1" TYPE="oracleasm"
/dev/sdar1: LABEL="SSDDATA1" TYPE="oracleasm"
/dev/sdbn1: LABEL="SSDDATA1" TYPE="oracleasm"