When should I use the full recovery model and when should I use the simple recovery model for databases?
You should use the full recovery model when you require point-in-time recovery of your database. You should use simple recovery model when you don't need point-in-time recovery of your database, and when the last full or differential backup is ...
I finally figured out and resolved my problem through a lot of trial and error. For those who do not have their original ibdata1 file, and only have their .frm and .ibd files, here's how I restored my data.
Download and install the MySQL utilities at -> http://dev.mysql.com/downloads/utilities.
Go into your command/terminal to open the MySQL utility, ...
For a MyISAM table mydb.mytable, you should have three files
They should already be accessible as a table since each file contains needed data, metadata, and index info. Collectively, they form the table. There are ...
Since the server had been offline for a while we thought it may have gone outside the recovery window of the primary. We decided to try applying the latest transaction logs on the database to see if that would kick-start the recovery process:
-- Remove database from Availability Group:
Alter Database [StackExchange.Bicycles.Meta] SET HADR OFF;
-- Apply ...
The standard procedure would be to:
Obtain the page IDs that have to be restored.
Start a page restore with a full database.
Apply the most recent differential backup.
Apply subsequent log backups.
Create new log backup.
Restore the new lob backup.
After the new log backup has been applied, the page restore is completed and the pages are then usable.
No, you need to have taken transaction logs that cover the time frame you want to use with STOPAT. You can't do this from a full database backup only - that is just a one-time copy, and that is why we have different types of backups (full, log, diff).
If you have taken transaction log backups in between your full backups, please update the question with ...
The answer of eoinbrazil is partly incorrect. A new Node can be in STARTUP2 for a long time. The link the posted says:
Each member of a replica set enters the STARTUP2 state as soon as mongod finishes loading that member’s configuration, at which time it becomes an active member of the replica set. The member then decides whether or not to undertake an ...
The difference is that what you call "standard commands" have implicit transactions (as in "not explicit" and not real implicit transactions which mean something different), so every time you issue an INSERT command without an explicit transaction, it will open a transaction, insert the data and automatically commit. This is called an autocommit transaction.
If a disaster occurred and I needed to recover the database from backup, would I be missing data?
As long as all of the backups are in tact, no.
The transaction log chain is not broken, and point-in-time recovery is possible.
It's just that the backups that constitute a complete transaction log chain are not all in the same location.
Having said that, I ...
Remember: you do not have a recovery plan until you tested your recovery plan...
The theory is simple: on the disaster recovery machine you have prepared for such cases you restore the most recent full backup, then you apply the most recent diff backup (if any) and then all the hourly log backups taken after the most recent diff (or after the most recent ...
Is it possible to restore the database to the last transaction (which should be just after the database was created) using just the transaction log, or is this something that can't be done?
No, restoring a transaction log is sequential. Transaction log relies on LSN (Log Sequence Number)
Also, you cannot restore your database with just transaction log. It ...
Could anyone confirm or denies that restoring the header only wouldn't
affect the sys.fn_dblog or anything else?
RESTORE HEADERONLY doesn't target any database in its syntax:
RESTORE HEADERONLY FROM <backup_device>
It reads the backup device and returns data to the client about what's in the backup. It won't affect your databases in any way.
If your database is in full recovery mode you can also try third party tools such as ApexSQL Log or SQL Log Rescue.
These tools will attempt to read your transaction log and reconstruct statements.
You can also try reading transaction log manually using fn_dblog function but it’s going to be complex since this is not a well-documented function.
I'm switching a lot of databases to SIMPLE recovery mode from FULL recovery mode (T-Logs and point-in-time recovery is not necessary). Will the existing transaction logs be truncated (when checkpoints are created)?
In simple recovery model, the database engine will issue automatic checkpoints and its frequency is determined by the recovery interval (...
In order to understanding why error 3456 would be thrown, we need to take a little step back and understand how SQL Server handles this corner of recovery.
When SQL Server is redoing an operation, and that redo is a page modification, it makes a quick check. In the page header there is ultimately going to be a PageLSN, which is an indication of the last ...
Yes, you would have to restore the full backup, at maximum one diff backup, and all necessary log backups to perform a point-in-time recovery in SQL Server. In SQL Server, you cannot roll back already committed transactions to go back in time. You would likely want to use the STOPAT syntax to restore your database to the exact desired point in time.
Wait patiently for it to recover. This is what is supposed to happen. While waiting, try to track down your latest backup, just in case. I suggest a small investment in a UPS will avoid this problem in the future.
At TwinDB we built a web interface to mysqlfrm. It's free and easy to use.
To recover table structure from you just need to upload the .frm file.
Here are steps.
1. Open https://recovery.twindb.com/ . Click on "Recover Structure"
In next submenu click on "from .frm file"
On the next view click on "Browse" and select an .frm file on a local disk. Click on ...
Following is a short graphic which I will be using to explain when orphans are created in the incarnations of a database. It is a variation of the graphic I used to explain incarnations in my answer to the question Can anyone explain to me the concept “incarnation” in Oracle database in an easy-to-understand way?
I hope you enjoy the journey.
Your only real chance is using a 3rd-party log analyzer tool, and even that may not work. SIMPLE recovery truncates the log when a CHECKPOINT process occurs, which is highly likely to have happened at this point.
Also, if losing the entire set of changes between backups is unacceptable, either back up more frequently in SIMPLE (if your database is small), ...
I can't speak to 1 but for 2, I don't know that your position should be pushing the business toward a specific RPO (recovery point objective). They may not be aware that they'd have to re-enter all the data for a day if things go belly up. Talk to them, find out how much data loss they're willing to tolerate. If they say 24 hours is too much, great, then ...
I'll explain how commercial tools work, on the ApexSQL Log example
And on related note I have heard that there are commercial tools to “rollback/undo” standard queries using full recovery LDF file. How do they do it? Do they analyze the LDF contents and try to come-up with inverse/undo operations?
Yes, they read the LDF file (online or detached) and trn ...
Turns out it can be done if you use CONTINUE_AFTER_ERROR
RESTORE DATABASE foo WITH RECOVERY, CONTINUE_AFTER_ERROR
I did still get a warning when I tried it but then did a CHECKDB and received no errors.
RESTORE WITH CONTINUE_AFTER_ERROR was successful but some damage was encountered. Inconsistencies in the database are possible.
RESTORE DATABASE ...
I had a large transaction fail due to the transaction log filling up yesterday, it couldn't be rolled back and SQL Server has restarted the specific DB to perform recovery.
This is not totally correct when a transaction starts in SQL Server it reserves space in transaction log in case the transaction has to rollback. From Transaction Log architecture BOL ...
ORPHAN if this is a noncurrent incarnation that is not a direct
ancestor of the current incarnation.
Steps to reproduce:
SQL> select incarnation#, status from v$database_incarnation;
SQL> select current_scn from v$database;
I would do a point in time recovery to a different location, restoring to the desired time, and pg_dump the problem database. I would drop the one database on the normal location, create it again, and load the pg_dump output.
Make sure you make and save a file-system level copy of the cluster's data directory tree before you start anything like this.
You may create new controlfiles with a CREATE CONTROLFILE statement including a list of data files and redo logs.
CREATE CONTROLFILE REUSE DATABASE TEST RESETLOGS NOARCHIVELOG
GROUP 1 '/u01/oradata/test/redo01a.rdo', ...
It's failing when trying to run the old bin files because it's missing a dependency. You're going to need to install its dependencies, install 8.4 on the new server for this task, or spin up a VM with 8.4 installed, copy the files to the VM, do what it takes to start the 8.4 instance on the VM (which means that postgres will need to know where the default ...
First, to answer the questions directly:
In my personal experience, if I were keeping score, causes for database restores have been: accidental deletion of data = many, restore to dev for testing = many, IO system failure / corruption = none. (Knocks on wood)
You indicate you have "no need to recover to any point in time previous to our last backup". If ...
Seeing as you have stated that the original data files look like they're untouched, all you need to do is recreate the service with oradim, making sure you're using the 9i ORACLE_HOME service and tools.