You aren't able to "downgrade" SQL Server Editions from Enterprise (including Evaluation) to Standard Edition. The Supported Version & Edition Upgrade article details supported upgrade paths.
In the upgrade matrix in the above link, you will notice that the section for Evaluation Edition includes the following note:
Upgrading from Evaluation Enterprise (a free edition) to any of the
paid editions is supported for stand-alone installations,
but is not supported for clustered installations.
On a Failover Cluster Instance, in order to change from Evaluation Edition to Standard Edition, you will need to uninstall SQL Server, and re-install using Standard Edition. The same is true in all cases (clustered or standalone) if you are using Enterprise Edition, or Evaluation Edition with any Enterprise-only features.