For this table, in mysql 5.7,

    CREATE TABLE `t` (
      `id` int(10) unsigned NOT NULL,
      `val` int(10) unsigned NOT NULL,
      PRIMARY KEY (`id`)
    ) ENGINE=InnoDB;
  • The table doesn't have autoincrement column
  • The table doesn't have partitions
  • There ONLY queries that are performed on this table are INSERT and SELECT
  • the table is not used in any subqueries
  • sql_mode doesnt have any STRICT_* enabled

I need to insert into this table, but the id value exists in >50% of the cases. I want to use a single INSERT IGNORE instead of "SELECT id" , if doesnt exist "INSERT"

When doing an INSERT IGNORE, (NOT a multi-insert one), and the PRIMARY KEY exists, is/can there ANY locking involved ?


1 Answer 1


This can be confirmed in a test. Open two windows.

In the first window:

mysql> insert into t values (1, 10), (3, 30);
mysql> begin;
mysql> insert ignore into t values (1, 10);
Query OK, 0 rows affected, 1 warning (0.00 sec)

mysql> show warnings;
| Level   | Code | Message                                 |
| Warning | 1062 | Duplicate entry '1' for key 't.PRIMARY' |

The transaction is still uncommitted, so if we have locked the row, this transaction still holds the lock.

Now in the second window:

mysql> update t set val = val * 2 where id = 1;
<hangs waiting for lock>

Evidently the INSERT IGNORE in the first window did acquire a lock.

  • Interesting! What exactly gets locked ? show engine innodb lists the update as "trx id 11800(first window) lock_mode X locks rec but not gap waiting"
    – aconrad
    Jun 17, 2022 at 18:18
  • 1
    dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/8.0/en/innodb-locks-set.html: "If a duplicate-key error occurs, a shared lock on the duplicate index record is set." However, the status you observed seems to say it's an exclusive lock, not a shared lock. Jun 17, 2022 at 18:21

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