I have a lot of tables in the database that are using a datetime stamp - I need to create a script that will create indexes on all columns in each table that does not already have an index .

So far I can get all the columns of type date, time etc.. I can get all of the existing indexes .. but I am having trouble combining them , as I intend to

Select (CONCAT('ALTER TABLE ' , table_name , ' ADD INDEX (' , column_name , ');') FROM 
MyIdentifiedColumns ..

The goal here is to create indexes on all of these columns of type date, timestamp where no index currently exists with a script - NOT manually in workbench .. So how can I do this ?

Get my Columns in the database that are of the proper date time

select col.table_schema as database_name,
       col.ordinal_position as column_id,
from information_schema.columns col
join information_schema.tables tab on tab.table_schema = col.table_schema
                                   and tab.table_name = col.table_name
                                   and tab.table_type = 'BASE TABLE'

where col.data_type in ('date', 'time', 'datetime', 'timestamp')
      and col.table_schema not in ('information_schema', 'sys',
                                   'performance_schema', 'mysql')
     and col.table_schema = 'mydatabase'  

And to get all of the Indexes currently in the database

select index_schema,
       group_concat(column_name order by seq_in_index) as index_columns,
       case non_unique
            when 1 then 'Not Unique'
            else 'Unique'
            end as is_unique,
from information_schema.statistics
where table_schema not in ('information_schema', 'mysql',
                           'performance_schema', 'sys') AND index_schema = 'mydatabase'
group by index_schema,
order by index_schema,

  • 1
    The goal here is to create indexes on all of these columns of type date, timestamp where no index currently exists In a half of cases the index by single field makes no sense.
    – Akina
    Apr 21 '20 at 19:34
  • Did you calculate the implication of running such a script to create all those indexes, I mean, each index will increase dramatically the tablespace file size, other than block some processes during the index creation. Apr 21 '20 at 21:29
  • I understand there are implications of indexes - these are historical data records and they get updated with new records and each new record has a new date.now() so the record is at the end. The data is queried based on the date range - not by Primary key or any other fields nothing else. So if you had a table where you insert datetime and then 2 other values and say give me x from date to date .. I just want this script so I can automate adding those indexes on all of these tables ..
    – StixO
    Apr 21 '20 at 22:06
  • @Akina in this case it makes sense.. just for reference - consider the use case similar to: dba.stackexchange.com/questions/211801/… Check out your comments .on your answer .. however I am using the query like this one here as it is faster.. pastebin.com/guiYHkT1
    – StixO
    Apr 21 '20 at 22:17
  • 1
    If your typical query is WHERE foo_id = 123 AND date BETWEEN..., then INDEX(foo) is not nearly as good as INDEX(foo_id, date).
    – Rick James
    Apr 28 '20 at 23:58

The larger the table, the longer the ADD INDEX will take, unless you have a current version, which has a rapid add index.

Your code seems promising. You could complete it by building a Stored Procedure to loop through the constructed ALTER TABLE commands to perform+execute them.

But first, run the stored routine to just SELECT the constructed ALTERs. Desk check the output. (And/or show us the output.)

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